Whenever one is tackling a subject as open ended as the world giant mythology, one must first be aware that although mainstream archaeology maintains a dead silence on the subject, it is not too difficult to find direct evidence that indeed, there have been larger than average ‘people’ residing on our planet in antiquity, and have not only left evidence in the way of tools and implements they have used, for example the huge axes on display in the Minoan museum, to the gigantic skulls found buried amongst gold artifacts near the Nazca plain in Peru, where the huge geoglyphs have long been a source of confusion for archaeologists who refuse to change their point of view, even when the evidence is heavily stacked against them.
The Human argument
In cases such as the Nazca ‘Paracas’ skulls, on display at the Ica museum in Peru, the view of the mainstream is usually predictably sterile. Most archaeologists simply won’t offer a hypothesis, preferring to wave the hand of disinterest or insignificance, rather than be forced to openly postulate the facts. There are however, those in the mainstream who have attempted to fit the existence of these artifacts into their world view, and some have offered interesting counter-points to the more obvious diagnosis.
In most cases, (in fact I am yet to find an alternative mainstream explanation,) the peculiarity of the specimens is attributed to the strange practice of binding the head. In many ancient cultures throughout the Americas, the Middle East and North Africa, the elites of the given society were partial to wrapping the head of the child, in order to elongate the cranium and give the distinctive ‘cone-head’ shape we see demonstrated in artwork throughout the 18th Egyptian Pharaonic Dynasty. Although this practice can certainly be shown to have existed and been linked to the status of a certain individual or bloodline (the highly controversial Hyksos Dynasty, whom Velikovky, Freud and Ralph Ellis argued were the family behind the Davidic bloodline of modern European royalty), in the case of the Nazca skulls there are certain aspects of the evidence that simply does not fit with the idea that these were bound heads, deformed for whatever social edge it was believed to attain.
The main argument against this hypothesis is the actual size of the skulls themselves. The practice of binding the skull, whilst able to create a distinctive look for the patient, cannot increase the overall capacity of the brain cavity. In the vast majority of head binding cases, the skull grows backward at a 45-90 degree angle. This can be seen clearly in skulls of Akhenaton’s family, his daughters and of course the infamous mummy of his alleged son, Tutankhamen. There is even an argument to be made that the strange double crown of unified Egypt was, at first, created to accommodate the anomalous skull shape of the early pharaohs. However it is possible to see how many of the Ica skulls would simply not be able to be supported by an average human physiology. the size and weight of the head would require a much larger, thicker neck in order to be fully supported, indeed some researchers have even speculated that the owners of these skulls would have had to have stood at a height of at least 8-12 feet in order to support the skull. In the end though, there is one argument which single-handedly destroys the the theory of head binding. The practice of binding the skull only works within the given parameters of the patients original brain cavity size, and although the outside shape of the skull may change, the overall inside capacity of the brain cavity will not change. This is why the distinctive cone shape is always seen in instances of human skull deformation, the skull does not have the mass to significantly increase it’s height whilst also maintaining the inner cavity size ratio relatively, so in order to compensate for the increase in the height of the skull, the width of the skull must become increasingly narrow in order to maintain its structural integrity. However, as can clearly be seen in more than one example of the Nazca skulls, the size of the brain cavity is significantly larger than any human specimen ever observed. In some cases, the brain cavity is double the size of a human skull, which in theory, would yield a brain at least twice as large. As it is physically impossible to increase the size of a human brain through the practice of head binding, then we are left with only the obvious conclusions to draw. Either this evidence shows the existence of highly advanced human specimens on this planet in the ancient past (a more recent Boksop man possibly) or they are simply not human in any way we could relate to.
So how does this tie in to giant mythology? Well as i stated previously, the evidence of the Nazca skulls suggests at least one more interesting point. By taking the size of the skull and extrapolating the forensic mathematics out in order to calculate just how large the bodies would have to be to support such head safely in an atmosphere like that of earth, tests have shown that the beings from which the Nazca skulls originally came, must have been at least 10-12 ft. tall.
These facts remain the facts and they must be explained, they exist and are on display for all to see at the Ica museum of antiquities. But surely if it is indeed the case that such beings once roamed the Nazca plain, then there must be some record amongst the ancient people recording such events and at least attempting to explain them. A quick glance at the available mythological history shows that in fact, not only do the Peruvian natives hold records of these events, but they are essentially replete amongst the South American native peoples. The Incan civilisation makes innumerable references to the Viracocha and the Mayan civilisation venerate Kukulcan, the ‘serpentine’ god they and the Aztecs famously worshipped, these civilisations still await the return of their feathered serpent god Quetzalcoatl. Each of these civilisations not only worshipped, and were in full belief of the genuine existence of these beings, they each fully believed that it was these ‘gods’ who had gifted them the seeds of civilisation, mathematics, language, literature, agriculture, astronomy etc. It has been shown recently that the old view of the rise of civilisation, i.e. that many separate independent cultures rose simultaneously without interaction, is no longer sustainable. The Cocaine found in the sarcophagi of many of the Egyptian pharaohs proves a deep, spiritual interaction between the north Africans and the meso-Americans. The Mycenaean’s can be shown to be master navigators and all of this is without even broaching the more contemporary discoveries of Viking and Chinese excursions to the Americas. Not only this, but many of the maps (and their forbearers) have now been discovered. The Piri ries map for example is all the proof one needs to push back the evidence of global seafaring. This kind of global navigation needs accurate longitude and latitudinal measurement in order for the unfortunate seafarers to not be consigned to an obvious suicide mission, and as latitudinal measurements need an accurate estimation of the size of the earth to be anywhere near accurate, all modern anthropology would suggest that there is now way that the piri reis map, or the antikythera mechanism, or for that matter the redheaded mummies of china or the zodiac at dendera simply should not exist. Nobody of that period should have had even the understanding of how to gain that knowledge, let alone have longitude and latitude worked out to the extent at which it is possible for them to have successfully navigated the oceans. Yet these evidences do exist, and as we have covered before in this blog, the mainstream tendency to simply ignore the evidence and continue pushing the disproven theory is simply not good enough. Either the general theory is wrong, or the evidence is impossible.There are no in-betweens and wilful ignorance is simply not an option.
I has been shown by physicists and mathematicians alike that the redundant geometry of the great pyramid includes a measurement that accurately describes the circumference of the earth, and with the evidence provided by the aerodynamic capabilities displayed by the Saqqara bird, we have enough evidence to suggest that humanity (or something close to it) had the capability to do these things in early Egyptian culture. is it possible that these advancements came from people resembling, if not directly related to the elongated skulls on display in Peru? Personally, i would say yes. Indeed, it can be argued that the renaissance in mathematics and philosophy, and therefore the vast majority of modern western academia, conducted by the Greeks such as Pythagoras, Euclid and Herodotus, results directly from the decoding of the redundant geometry in the great pyramid. The fact is, whoever built that iconic structure, knew these things.
It is possible that whoever walked around with the Ica skulls perched upon their shoulders represent the seed, or at least aspects of the seed of this ubiquitous South American, indeed global Giant mythology.
The problem that we find with this mythology is twofold. Firstly it is taken only as primitive stories from a people just out of the stone age. Yet this makes little sense in terms of both history and psychology. If it is indeed the case that our ancestors merely created a narrative to explain their origins then the question must be asked. What was their frame of reference? How does one explain the fact that these earliest of our ancestors, fresh out of the stone age, were creating stories of flying craft, serpentine beings and space travel. Indeed before one answers this question, the same must be asked of the Indian Vedas (which are considerably older), The Enuma Elish of Babylon/Sumer, the apocryphal books of the Christian bible , the epics of the Greek empire and so on, in fact this question must be asked of around 300+ pre-Christian civilisations across the globe. They use different language and differing names but all of them speak about archetypal legends that cross each others path in many ways.
According to the historical myth of progression, these people should simply not have even been able to have conceived of the concepts of flying craft and ‘other-worldly’ beings, of battles between giants and gods, let alone tell a similar story with similar connotations all over the world, despite having allegedly no contact until around a millennia ago. These long recognised and self-evident conclusions have been held in contempt for years by those in academic circles, despite being the logical questions to ask.
This also leads to another problem yet to be solved by academia. In all instances of head binding so far discovered on our planet, when asked the simple question ‘why do such a thing?’ the practitioners have unfailingly answered “to emulate the gods.” It is here we must tread seriously on ground the mainstream would prefer to avoid. Why create such a potentially hazardous practice in order to appease or emulate something that doesn’t exist. Surely if the elites of these societies had created these religions from dust, as academia will suggest, then it would have been easier and safer to emulate the gods using jewellery, or body art or clothing. Jewellery especially would be available only to those skilled enough to mine and forge the materials, and then shape them into religious icons. Surely wearing a hat that gives the impressions of such a skull could be considered representative of such worship. Indeed, why even create the gods to look different to human beings in any way, for if the religions had made these beings up from thin air, then surely they could hold more power by insisting that the heads of said religions were in fact the gods themselves. After all, if nobody had ever seen them, who could refute them? Instead however, the ancient sun kingdoms, the Egyptians and the Asiatic cultures all created the same method of worship, and were seemingly willing to disfigure their own children and risk serious injury worshipping something they were absolutely convinced existed. So what convinced them?
Here we must stop for a second and consider the cargo cult theory put forward by Eric Von Daniken, possibly the most famous of all the proponents of what has come to be known as the Ancient Alien theory, which holds that the gods were in fact E.T. beings. I would be quick to point out that there is no need for these ‘gods’ to be extraterrestrial. Modern research into the early offshoots of the hominid and human species leave plenty of room for there to have been other, vastly more intellectually capable species than us in the evolutionary climb, Boskop man is just one example. That is not to say it must not be offered serious consideration, but it is not a lynchpin by which the cargo cult theory stands or falls. Whilst writing his infamous first book “the Chariots of the Gods”, Von Daniken had forwarded the theory that some of the more unexplainable examples of ancient statuary, the Saqqara bird, the Incan ‘jet plane’ models, the lid of the Tomb at Palenque etc. were in fact examples of human beings attempting to interpret and copy things that they had legitimately seen, but did not have the frame of reference to explain as machinery, aircraft and advanced technology. There are an uncountable number of examples of such statuary all over the world, from aboriginal rock art in Australia, France and America, to the reptilian-esque figurines produced by the Sumerians and Babylonians, some of whom appear to be wearing intricate environmental protective clothing. For all intents and purposes this is a sound theory that could be easily argued without the need to present direct evidence, but Von Daniken was in the fortunate position of having a direct corroboration for his theory in the form of a number of Polynesian Island tribes. These tribes, during the 2nd world war, had for the first time encountered western civilisation.
Their first visions of this foreign, alien culture came in the form of military aircraft, dropping supplies and cargo crates into the dense midst of the jungle to resupply battalions and transport troops. The tribes were amazed to see these craft fly overhead, with even the basic thought of flying vehicles being completely out of context for their relatively primitive worldview. It is fair to say that they had absolutely no frame of reference for figuring out how or why these craft had suddenly appeared in their skies, but never-the-less, as stray cargo crates found their way into the tribes dwellings and they were opened to reveal strange pieces of technology, unknown foods and clothes of materials these people had never seen, the tribes came to the only logical conclusion they could to come to. These amazing metal birds were obviously the craft of the gods, coming from the heavens to drop gifts down amongst the worshippers. As this continued throughout the years of the 2nd world war, the tribes began to expect seeing their ‘gods’ flying through the sky, they concocted rituals that their priestly classes believed would bring the gods back to them, curry favour and reward them for their faithful worship.
Of course, this was inevitably to come to an end as the theatre of conflict closed in the years following the official ceasefire in 1945, the tribes however, unaware of any outside influence or explanation as for why the metal craft had suddenly appeared in their skies, were similarly stumped when it came to explaining why they had suddenly stopped flying their usual routes, dropping their usual packages. After a while, the tribes began to worry that they would never see their gods again, and as a result, they created dances, songs and rituals in a vain attempt to try to get the gods to return in their flying craft and drop more gifts upon the people. Most impressively, they began to create straw and wicker effigies of the aeroplanes they had seen flying over, some spectacularly well-proportioned and detailed. In essence, they created a mythology that would have seemed insane to anybody who had no idea where those ideas had come from, yet it was a mythology based on fact, based on what they had seen. Surely if one of these tribe members had met a member of another tribe and regaled him with incredibly tales of shiny silver flying ships dropping high technology and ‘alien’ foodstuffs into the jungle, he would have been laughed at. To the other tribes it would simply be a flight of fancy. Maybe, if our own culture is anything to go by, they would have simply told him he had misidentified gas from the nearby swamp. But the fact would remain that he was telling the truth, and the embellishments of ‘godly’ activity would be forgivable simply because the tribe member would only be trying to put the very real events he had seen, into some kind of relatable context that would allow him to understand his own experience without destroying his world view.
On the other side of the argument, the problem with the mainstream attitude to these cargo cults is that it is blindingly notable by its absence. They have no formative hypothesis of why this would happen or what the implications are. They would rather ignore the fact that these cults exist and concentrate instead on the evidence that backs up their status quo. It is for this reason that modern generations of alternative and revisionist historians have fallen full bore into the arms of the ancient alien theory. Whilst mainstream historians lambast the emergence of a veritable army of Von Daniken and Sitchen supporters, they are either in denial or completely ignorant of the fact that it is Mainstream historians themselves and their attitude to revisionism that must take responsibility for the powerful hold this view has on a legion of people all around the world.
The reasoning for this is simple. Since the beginning of the 19th century, there have been a number of explosive discoveries that have taken the mainstream view of the myth of progression and the accepted notion of the rise of civilisation and thrown them under the bus. The discovery of the library of Ashburnipal, the popularisation of sites like Puma Punku, Nazca, Ica, Caral, Tiahuanaco, Baalbek, and the ruins on the Bolivian Alti-plano, the discovery of the Osirion, Mohenjo Daro Dvarkha, Troy. The discovery of the Pyramids in China and Bosnia. Gobekli Tepe, The Baghdad battery, the Antikythera device, the list literally goes on and on. These discoveries and devices have clearly shown that the level of architectural and technological expertise and intelligence shown by our ancestors all throughout the last 5-6,000 years has been significantly more sophisticated than any mainstream historian is willing to admit, in the case of the Osirion, Baalbek and Puma Punku, it appears to in fact be significantly further advanced than we are capable of in the modern age, leading to the conclusion that, as Graham Hancock has spent his career proving, we are missing a lost epoch of human history, one that has survived only as an oral tradition that historians attribute to the fantasies of cavemen, wrapped up in the glory of Greek Mythology. This is despite the fact that in Greek, the word Mythos translates directly as “Stories held to be true by kings and priests”. As all these pre-Christian civilisations worldwide also tell the same story and believe it to be 100 per cent true, is it not incumbent upon historians to follow this thread? It is understandable that those who have done no research or hold no interest would make the assumption that if Historians refuse to make these connections and follow the research wherever it may lead them, that this is because that has been done, and adequate explanations can and have been forwarded for these anomalies, the few I have mentioned and the thousands more, and this is why this study remains the hobby of fringe enthusiasts instead of being debated in the major universities of the west. However understandable it may be though, that doesn’t stop it from being patently wrong.
Western archaeologists have no explanation for these matters, and routinely simply refuse to acknowledge them.
And so, in this void of acknowledgement, we must return to our question, why would the elites of these pre-Christian societies be willing to risk the health and survival of their own offspring, in order to deform them into living idols of their gods, and if skull binding and deformation cannot explain the existence of the remaining skulls at the Museum of Ica, then how are we to explain their existence? It is at this point that we must acknowledge that our own tendency to simply take what we see in the present and extrapolate it backwards through history has mislead us, and more importantly, does not account for the evidence. It is known fact that there have been periods of our recent history that have been subject to a direct and widespread purging of knowledge. The Dark ages, usually signalled by the burning of the Library of Alexandria, the greatest collection of the hermetic teachings ever assembled. The destruction of the Southern American civilisations is almost incomprehensible, only one book now remains from the entirety of the Mayan civilisation, the Popol Vuh, and this itself is nothing more than the hurried remembering’s of the Mayan priesthood, who managed to cobble together what was left of their vast oral tradition whilst the Christians eviscerated and horrifically disembowelled their entire civilisation around them. It should not be surprising to those who have followed the thread of what I have stated here, that the ancient knowledge that has been destroyed deals almost exclusively with the time when these civilisations openly stated that their gods lived amongst them, teaching them and gifting them the staples of civilisation. The Mayan history for example, deals with the story of Kukulkahn/Quetzalcoatl, a bearded white ‘serpent’ god responsible for their knowledge of astronomy and astrology. The largely Occulted Egyptian history deals with Osiris and Horus, the serpentine gods who gifted civilisation to mankind. Most incredibly, the Sumerian history speaks of Ea, Enki and Enlil, of the scaled water gods the Anunaki, who rose out of the sea and taught mankind to be civilised. Not only this, but Judeo/Christian history tells us of the Nephilim, the sons of Gods on earth, the Muslim history speaks of the Djinn, the offspring of the gods who became the demons and tricksters of old, and are known today as Genie’s. The Southern American continent has the Virrucocha, and every northern American indigenous tribe has it own version, with the most well known being the Hopi/Navajo ‘Anasasi’ a word with incredible similarity to the Sumerian Annunaki. The Greeks and Romans had the gods which were interchangeable expressions of the original archetypes of the Egyptian pantheon, and that in itself shared a history with the Sumerians. The Sumerian Kings list begins with the so-called anti-deluvian kings, who’s reigns and lifespans are incomprehensible to us today, as they rank in the tens of thousands of years. It would be easy to dismiss this story if it were a standalone example, but instead it is mirrored all over the world.
The Epic of Gilgamesh, carved into clay tablets by Shin-Eqi-Unninni, tell the tale of Utnapishtim, advisor to the ‘two-thirds god” king Gilgamesh, who despite being the personification of all human virtues, had succumbed to raping whoever he chose, a central part of all the multitude of the “sons of god” mythologies of the world. Indeed, the Christian Bible can be shown to describe the exact same story in the myths of the Nephilim, the Rephaim and the flood. Discovered by Hormuzd Rassam in 1853 the epic Describes how the high priest of Uruk was warned by Ea of a flood coming, lasting for 7 days and 7 nights. Utnapishtim tricked the population into building him a boat so that he and his family might survive and take with them a pair of every animal on earth. Even this story however, was a replica of an earlier tale of the Sumerian creation and flood myth of the Atra-Hasis tablets. Astraharsis appears in the Sumerian pre-deluvian kings list, suggesting a strong corroboration that this figure actually existed. The Greeks then continued this myth with the story of Pyrrha and Deucalion, and on into the Judeo-Christian-Muslim religions as the story of Genesis 6, the sinful nature of the Sons of the Elohim and the survival of the line of Noah. The flood myth is pre-eminent in all cultures across the globe, and as has been discussed in other posts, the work of researchers such as Grahame Hancock has firmly established hard evidence that human civilisation was possibly global in the time before the last mini ice age and that in all probability these civilisations lived through, if not totally survived this cataclysm.
The pre-deluvian myths all talk of a golden age of man living among the teacher gods, Greek Mythology continued this tradition with the history of mount Olympus, Where the giant God Zeus ruled over a pantheon of god’s, Titans and more who were simply the rehashing of the archetypes given by the Sumerian/Egyptian pantheons, comparative mythologists have, for the past few decades, been trying to draw attention to the fact that the similarities in the world mystery’s and myths of the ancients are in fact one myth, told in a plethora of different languages each with their own names. There is even cross corroboration between the texts, as in the Christian King James Bible, Revelations 9:11 states
“Then the fifth angel sounded, “And I saw a star fallen from heaven to the earth. To him was given the key to the bottomless pit. And they had as king over them the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in Hebrew is Abaddon, but in Greek he has the name Apollyon.”” (Rev. 9:1, 11)
Appollyon/Apollo, was the son of Zeus, the prime among the Greek ‘sons of gods’ that once again we find in each of these separate mythologies. And it was his father Zeus, the God amongst Gods, who sends the flood to rid world of humanity, which he has judged as essentially wicked. Two interesting side notes come out of this, Firstly the Greek story of the flood is the origin of Lycanthropy, or the Werewolf Myth, which we wont go into here but, but far more interesting to note that in the Hebrew bible, the word for god is ‘Elohim’. InHebrew, the ‘im’ suffix is plural so Elohim is plural (meaning “mighty ones”), but in the context of the the Judeo-Christian God Yahweh, Elohim as plural emphasizes his primacy in opposition to the plurality (the many) of “all the gods”. As many theologians have commented, this essentially confirms the Judeo-Christian mythology as pantheistic, which is something the Vatican and centralised Christianity has had a hard time dealing with. Yet when one looks at the consistent mythology throughout western history and indeed that of the entire globe, the fact that the old testament would simply be yet another rehashing of the global mono-myth seems inevitable, as it can clearly be shown from roughly 2,500 years ago and further into pre-history, this was indeed what the entire globe believed to be its true history, be it the Indian Vedic Tradition, The South-Americans, the North African civilisations, Asiatic cultures or the bronze age Europeans, each of them stated on the record that they were the survivors, or had been taught the roots of civilisation by the survivors of a cataclysm, who when appearing upon their shores had appeared and were recorded as ‘god-like’ beings.
Flavius Josephus, the noted Jewish historian of the first century A.D., described the giants as having “bodies so large and countenances so entirely different from other men that they were surprising to the sight and terrible to the hearing.” And he adds that in his day, the bones of the giants were still on display, and there are indeed many museum displays that seem to warrant further investigation, such as the giant Minoan axes on display in the Heraklion museum.
Similar skulls continue to be found in Egypt, Siberia, Australia and Peru, and to ignore these discoveries and not link together the obvious is to be wilfully ignorant of what is staring us in the face.
“Scholars at the Omsk Museum of History and Culture have no conclusive answer as to the origins of these skulls, which were found in burial mounds that are believed to date from the 4th century AD
Because of the skulls’ bizarre shape they do not show them to the public, fearing that people might be too shocked. `This really shocked and even frightened people. Because the skull’s shape was unusual for a human’ said Igor Skandakov, director of the Omsk Museum of History and Culture.
Scientists said that the skulls have marks that could be due to artificial deformation of a normal skull. They surmise that the ancient communities deliberately deformed the skulls of their children, by applying force through a head press, almost from the moment of birth. Why they might have done this is not clear.”